Guang Zhou 广州


Chinese Name: 广州

English Name: Guang Zhou; Canton; Kwangchow

Other Name: Huacheng花城、Yangcheng羊城、Wuyangcheng五羊城

Abbreviation: 穗 Hui

Zip Code: 51 00 00

Population: 18.811 million

Guang Zhou 广州
Guang Zhou 广州

Brief Introduction

Guang Zhou 广州, a prefecture-level city under the jurisdiction of Guangdong Province, is the capital of Guangdong Province, the sub-provincial city, and the national center city; Approved by the State Council of China’s important center city, the international trade center, and comprehensive transportation hub.

From the Qin and Han Dynasties (秦汉朝) to the Ming and Qing Dynasties (明清朝), Guang Zhou has been an important port city of China’s foreign trade and the starting point of China’s Maritime Silk Road for more than 2,000 years. During the Tang Dynasty (唐朝), this Maritime Silk Road(海上丝绸之路) was called “Guang Zhou Tonghaiyi Road”(广州通海夷道). It started from Guang Zhou, passed through the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean, headed straight to the port of Basra, and reached the coast south of the equator in East Africa. It was the longest ocean route in the world before the 16th century.

Famous Attractions in Guang Zhou

Guang Zhou is rich in educational resources. As of July 2021, there are 68 A-level scenic spots, including 2 5A-level scenic spots, 28 4A-level scenic spots, 37 3A-level scenic spots, and 1 2A-level scenic spot. Among them, Hua Cheng Square, Guang Zhou Tower, Baiyun Mountain, Chang Long Tourist resort, Pearl River Night tour, Chen Ancestral Temple, Bao Mo Garden, ShaMian, Sacred Heart Cathedral, Lingnan Impression Garden, Shawan Ancient Town, Yuexiu Park, Nanyue King Museum, Zhongshan Memorial Hall, Huangpu Military Academy, Nansha Wetland Park, Million Kwai Park, Haizhu Lake National Wetland Park, Conghua hot spring, Jiulong Lake resort, and other scenic spots are the most famous.

Guang Zhou 广州
Canton Tower 广州塔

Famous Universities in Guang Zhou

Guang Zhou has 82 colleges and universities, and college students 1.1396 million; It’s assembled the 97% of the national key discipline, and 80% of high school, and is one of the most developed cities in China’s higher education, is also the most populated city, Science and education center in South China.

Guang Zhou 广州
Sun yat-sen university 中山大学

List of universities and colleges in Guang Zhou

English nameChinese name
Sun yat-sen university中山大学
South China University of Technology华南理工大学
Jinan university暨南大学
South China Normal University华南师范大学
South China Agricultural University华南农业大学
Guangdong University of Technology广东工业大学
Southern Medical University南方医科大学
Guangdong University of Foreign Studies广东外语外贸大学
Guangzhou university广州大学
Guangzhou Medical University广州医科大学
Guangdong University of Finance and Economics广东财经大学
Guangdong Pharmaceutical University广东技术师范大学
Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts广东药科大学
Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts广州美术学院
Guangdong University of Finance广东金融学院
Guangzhou Institute of Physical Education广州体育学院
Guangdong Police College广东警官学院
Xinghai Conservatory of Music星海音乐学院
Zhongkai College of Agriculture and Engineering仲恺农业工程学院
Guangdong Second Normal University广东第二师范学院

Folk culture in Guang Zhou

In the mid-19th century, the flower market was usually held a few days before New Year’s Eve 新年前夕. Flowers and trees flooded the city, along the ten-mile long street, and citizens were accompanied by “walking the flower street” 走花街, which was very lively and prosperous. Many cities in the Pearl River Delta have this custom.

Guang Zhou folk customs also have floating color, xing shi, long shi, ao fish dance, Huangge Kirin dance, Shiqiao watercolor, fish lantern, Qiqiao, Fengwu, eight-tonne gong and drum, wooden fish book, dragon boat, North Emperor’s Birthday, lettuce, Bo Luo, Zheng Xian Birthday, Golden Flower birthday, He Xiangu Birthday and so on.

Guang Zhou 广州
Eight-tone drums 八音锣鼓

Diet of Guang Zhou

Canton’s food culture is famous all over the country and has a long history. There are also a lot of special delicacies famous all over China.

Canton cuisine focuses on color, aroma, taste, and shape. The taste is mainly clear, fresh, tender, and crisp, focusing on clear but not light, fresh but not vulgar, tender but not raw, oily but not greasy. Seasonal strong, summer and autumn to light, winter, and spring heavy rich. More common Dishes in Guangzhou include white sliced chicken, fried sea shrimp, a Suckling pig in an open oven, roasted duck in an open oven, snake soup, fried shrimps in oil, braised skirt wings, steamed seafood, prawns roe braised ginseng, and so on.

Guang Zhou 广州
Guang Zhou Morning Tea 广州早茶

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