HSK 1 Vocabulary and Examples Sentences

HSK 1 Vocabulary and Examples Sentences

1. 喂 wèi hello

喂,是路老师吗? Hello! Is Teacher Lu there?

2. 先生 xiān sheng (addressing) Mr. ;sir

先生,你要买什么?Sir, what do you need?

3. 在 zài bein ;be at; in terms of

他女儿在学校。She is at school.

4. 钱 qián money

这是您的钱。This is your money.

5. 苹果píng guǒ apple

我喜欢吃苹果。I like apples.

6. 三 sān three

今天来了三位客人。We have three guests today.

7. 五 wǔ five

五个苹果、一个西瓜,一共多少钱?How much are the five apples and one watermelon?

8. 一 yī one

我想买一本书。 I want to buy a book.

9. 买 mǎi buy

我马上去买。Go to buy it.

10. 我 wǒ I; me

我是他的朋友玛丽。I am his friend Mary.

11. 米饭 mǐ fàn cooked rice

我不喜欢吃米饭。I don’t like eating rice.

12. 水 shuǐ water

杯里有水。There is water in the cup.

13. 茶 chá tea (liquid drink or tea leaves)

我喜欢喝茶。I like drinking tea.

14. 什么shén me what

飞机什么时候起飞?What time does this flight take off?

15. 你 nǐ you

你真忙。You are so busy.

16. 二 èr two

一心不可二用。One can not be in two places at once.

17. 四 sì four

我每个星期去四次健身房。I go to the gym four times a week.

18. 六 liù six

六点了,我要下班了。It is six o’clock. I am going home from work now.

19. 七 qī seven

他把“七”听成了“一”。He misheard seven as one.

20. 八 bā eight

我每天工作八个小时。I work eight hours a day.

21. 九 jiǔ nine

这么早。现在才九点。So early. It is only nine o’clock now.

22. 十 shí ten

我过十分钟给你打电话。 I’ll call you up in ten minutes.

23. 出租车 chū zū chē taxi

出租车坏了。The taxi is broken.

24. 飞机fēi jī airplane

飞机要准备起飞了。 The plane is ready to take off.

25. 昨天 zuó tiān yesterday

昨天下雨了。It rained yesterday.

26. 今天 jīn tiān today

今天星期六。 Today is Saturday.

27. 明天 míng tiān tomorrow

明天你要做什么? What are you doing tomorrow?

28. 现在 xiàn zài now; nowadays; today; at present

现在十点了。It’s ten o’clock now.

29. 上午 shàng wǔ morning

今天上午我去银行。I will go to the bank this morning.

30. 中午 zhōng wǔ noon; midday; noonday

中午我们没吃饭。We didn’t have lunch at noon.

31. 下午 xià wǔ afternoon

下午我去学校。I will go to school in the afternoon.

32. 学校 xué xiào school

他女儿在学校。She is at school.

33. 医院 yī yuàn hospital

医院在哪儿?Where’s the hospital?

34. 商店 shāng diàn shop

前面有一个商店。There’s a store ahead.

35. 年 nián year

我们认识十七年了。We’ve known each other for seventeen years.

36. 月 yuè month

你这个月的房租还没交。You haven’t paid the rent this month.

37. 个 gè before nouns, after numbers as the measure word but has no special measure word of its own.

我们一共四个人。 we have four people totally.

38. 星期 xīng qī week

每个星期工作五天。I work five days every week.

39. 分钟 fēn zhōng minute

我等他5分钟。I waited for him for five minutes.

40. 前面 qián miàn in front; ahead; at the head; before

医院在我家前面。It’s in front of my house.

41. 后面 hòu mian at the back; in the rear, behind

妈妈在我后面。Mom is at the back of me.

42. 医生 yī shēng doctor

我找张医生。I am looking for Dr. Zhang.

43. 对不起 duì bu qǐ I’m sorry.; sorry; I beg your pardon.; Excuse me

对不起,我不能去。 Sorry, I can’t go.

44. 没关系 méi guān xi It doesn’t matter.; It’s nothing.; That’s all right.; Never mind.

没关系,再说一次。 Never mind. Once again, please.

45. 会 huì meeting

他什么时候开完会? When will he leave the meeting?

46. 打电话 dǎ diànhuàphone; ring up; call (up); give sb. a call [ring]; give someone a ring

我给爸爸打电话。I’ll call my dad up.

47. 叫 jiào name; called (followed by a name)

你叫什么? What’s your name?

48. 爱 ài love; like; be fond of

我爱吃西瓜。 I like eating watermelons.

49. 冷 lěng cold

冬天很冷啊! How cold it is in winter!

50. 热 rè hot; warmhearted; high in temperature

天气真热! How hot the weather is.

51. 写 xiě write

你的字写得真好。 You write a really good hand.

52. 同学 tóng xué fellow student, schoolmate

我和同学去商店。 I go to the shop with my classmates.

53. 朋友 péng you friend

我是他的朋友玛丽。 I am his friend Mary.

54. 吃 chī eat

您想吃什么? What would you like?

55. 喝 hē drink

我喜欢喝花茶。 I like to drink flower tea.

56. 看 kàn see; look at

看,天晴了! Look, it’s sunny!

57. 听 tīng hear; listen

我要听一会儿音乐。I want to listen to music for a while.

58. 猫 māo cat

猫在吃东西。The cat is eating.

59. 狗 gǒu dog

这是你的狗吗? Is this your dog?

60. 桌子 zhuō zi table; desk

苹果在桌子上。 Apples are on the table.

61. 椅子 yǐ zi chair

椅子在哪儿? Where is the chair?

62. 杯子 bēi zi cup; glass

这是杯子。 It’s a cup.

63. 电视 diàn shì television; TV

沙发在电视对面。 The sofa is opposite the TV set.

64. 的 de of, used after an attribute as a marker of attributive

今天的鱼很新鲜。 The fish is fresh today.

65. 都 dōu all; both

他们都举起了手。 They all put their hands up.

66. 好 hǎo good; ok(please); fine ;be ready; be done

你的服务很好。 Your service is very good.

67. 老师 lǎo shī teacher

他也是老师吗? Is he also a teacher?

68. 学生 xué sheng student

我是新学生。 I am anew student.

69. 和 hé and

今天吃豆腐和西兰花。Tofu and broccoli.

70. 几 jǐ several; some, express an indeterminate amount

输入几个字就可以。You only need to type some words.

71. 书 shū book

这是我的书。This is my book.

72. 吗 ma used at the end of a sentence, indicating a question

今天冷吗? Is it cold today?

73. 没 méi not

电影还没开始。 The movie hasn’t started.

74. 呢 ne used at the end of a sentence to indicate change in status

为什么不喜欢呢? Why not?

75. 少 shǎo less; little; few; not many/much

她在减肥,怪不得吃得那么少。No wonder she eats so little. She’s on a diet.

76. 我们wǒ men we, us

我们常去公园散步。 We often take a walk in the park.

77. 他 tā he; him

他是我的朋友。 He is my friend.

78. 她 tā she; her

她是我的老师。 She is my teacher.

79. 谁 shuí who; whom

你和谁去? Who are you going with?

80. 哪儿 nǎ er where

在哪儿取行李? Where is the baggage claim?

81. 怎么 zěn me how, inquiring for property, condition, way, and cause, etc.

他们怎么认识的? How did they know each other?

82. 怎么样 zěn me yàng How about it? What do you think? (inquiring for comments and suggestions as an independent sentence)

今天天气怎么样? How is the weather today?

83. 那 nà that

这是我的,那才是你的。 This is mine and that is yours.

84. 这 zhè this

这是什么? What’s this?

85. 爸爸 bà ba papa; dad; father; daddy

爸爸在看报纸。 My father is reading a newspaper.

86. 妈妈 mā ma mom; mum; mommy; mama

我跟妈妈去跑步。I went running with mother.

87. 女儿 nǚ ér daughter

这是你女儿吗? Is she your daughter?

88. 儿子 ér zi son

你儿子多大了? How old is your son?

89. 小姐 xiǎo jie Miss

李小姐很热情。 Miss. Lee is very warm.

90. 人 rén person; people

你家有几口人? How many people are there in your family?

91. 多 duō a lot of

我有很多事。 I have a lot of things to do.

92. 工作 gōng zuò work; job

你喜欢这个工作吗? Do you like this job?

93. 衣服 yī fu clothes

我想买衣服。 I want to buy clothes.

94. 电脑 diàn nǎo computer

他买电脑了吗? Has he bought a computer?

95. 回 huí return; go back

你该回房间了。 It’s time for you to go back to your room.

96. 回 huí to express how many times

这一回,她把萝卜紧紧地抓在手里。This time, she grabbed the turnip in her hand tightly.

97. 做 zuò make; do

你去学校做什么? What are you going to do at school?

98. 读 dú read

这些故事读起来,实在是太有意思了。These stories are so interesting to read.

99. 叫 jiào ask; order

我叫他一起吃饭。I invited him to have dinner together.

100. 想 xiǎng think; ponder; think over

你快想个办法来解决一下这事。Think of something fast to solute this problem.

101. 太 tài too; very much; extremely (in expressing approval or compliment)

东西太多了。There are too many things.

102. 漂亮 piào liang pretty; beautiful

这件衣服真漂亮。 This dress is beautiful.

103. 学习 xué xí study; learn

我学习汉语。 I learn Chinese.

104. 家 jiā home; family; household

欢迎你来我家。 Welcome to my home.

105. 请 qǐng please

请您数一数。Please count it.

106. 认识 rèn shi to know; acquaint oneself with

很高兴认识你。 Nice to meet you.

107. 汉语 hàn yǔ Chinese

他在学汉语。He is learning Chinese.

108. 电影 diàn yǐng film; movie; cinema; motion picture

咱们去看电影吧。 Let’s goto the cinema.

109. 家 jiā measure word, for families, shops and business establishments

是一家大公司吗? Is it abig company?

110. 高兴 gāo xìng happy; joyful; glad

今天大家真高兴。 Everyone is happy today.

111. 说话 shuō huà speak; talk; say

你跟它们说话吗? Do you talk to them?

112. 很 hěn very; quite

学汉语很难。 Leaning Chinese is very difficult.

113. 是 shì be (am/is/are)

这是什么? What’s that?

114. 岁 suì year(of age)

它几岁了? How old is it?

115. 了 le use at the end of a sentence or a pause in the middle of a sentence to indicate a completion or a new situation

上班要迟到了! I’ll be late for work.

116. 谢谢 xiè xie thanks; thank you

我明白了。谢谢你。 I see. Thankyou.

117. 北京 běi jīng Beijing

我明天去北京。 I’m going to Beijing tomorrow.

118. 中国 zhōng guó China

你什么时候去中国? When are you going to China?

119. 喜欢 xǐ huan like; be interested in (sb. or sth.)

我喜欢踢足球。 I like playing football.

120. 饭馆 fàn guǎn restaurant; eatery; (large) hotel

前面有一家饭馆。 There is a restaurant ahead.

121. 有 yǒu have; possess; there be

我有一个哥哥。 I have a brother.

122. 坐 zuò travel by (a vehicle); take

坐飞机几个小时? How many hours by plane?

123. 天气 tiān qì weather

今天天气怎么样? How is the weather today?

124. 睡觉 shuì jiào sleep

我要睡觉了。 I am going to sleep.

125. 本 běn measure word for counting books and other bound items

这本书多少钱? How much is the book?

126. 住 zhù live; stay; dwell

你住在哪儿? Where do you live?

127. 能 néng can; be able to

对不起,我不能去。Sorry, I can’t go.

128. 里 lǐ inner; inside

杯子里有茶。 There’s tea in it.

129. 去 qù go

我去学校。 I’m going to school.

130. 不 bù no; not

我今天心情不好。I feel blue today.

131. 时候 shí hou time; moment

你什么时候开始学汉语的?When did you start to learn Chinese?

132. 再见 zài jiàn good-bye; see you again

我是来跟你说再见的。I come to say goodbye to you.

133. 水果 shuǐ guǒ fruit

我们在吃水果。We are eating fruits.

134. 来 lái come

你怎么才来啊? Why do you come so late?

135. 那儿 nà er there

他每天早上都要去公园,因为那儿的空气很新鲜。He goes to the park every morning because the air there is fresh.

136. 名字 míng zi name

你叫什么名字? What’s your name?

137. 菜 cài food; dish

这菜真好吃啊! This dish is so delicious!

138. 大 dà big; large

他的狗很大。 His dog is very big.

139. 小 xiǎo small

他个子很小,不过跑得很快。 He is small but runs fast.

140. 这儿 zhè er here

这儿就是公司。 Here is the company.

141. 些 xiē some; a few; a little

有些网络语言很有趣。Some internet phrases are very interesting.

142. 哪 nǎ which; what (used in front of a measure word)

哪件好看? Which one is beautiful?

143. 火车站 huǒ chē zhàn train station

他在火车站。 He is at the train station.

144. 上 shàng on; upper; upward

两只鸟站在树枝上。 Two birds are standing on the branch.

145. 不客气 bú kè qi You’re welcome.

——谢谢你的苹果。——不客气。 ——Thank you for your apples. ——You are welcome.

146. 想 xiǎng want to; be going to; would like to

我不想起床。 I don’t want to get up.

147. 菜 cài vegetable

今天的鱼比菜新鲜。 The fish is fresher than the vegetable today.

148. 点 diǎn measures word for many objects such as small things, items, time unit (o’clock)

现在两点半。 Now half past two.

149. 多少 duō shǎo how much; how many

鸡蛋一斤多少钱? How muchis one catty of eggs?

150. 块 kuài the basic unit of money in China

这些水果二十块。 These fruits are twenty yuan.

151. 会 huì can; be able to

你会写汉字吗? Can you write Chinese characters?

152. 的 de “De” used at the end of a sentence to indicate certainty.

是的。 Yes.

153. 看见 kàn jiàn catch sight of; see

我看见他从外边走进来了。I saw him coming in from outside.

154. 开 kāi open; turn on; switch on

房间里的灯开了。The lights in the room are on.

155. 东西 dōng xi thing; object

我要去超市买东西。I want to go to the supermarket to buy things.

156. 下雨 xià yǔ rain

明天会下雨吗? Will it rain tomorrow?

157. 零 líng zero

水在零摄氏度结冰。Water freezes at zero degrees centigrade.

158. 日 rì day; date

今年的冬至日是十二月二十二日。The Winter Solstice is on 22nd, December this year.

159. 字 zì word; character

这个字怎么写? How to write this word?

160. 哪 nǎ where

请问,机场大巴在哪?Where is the airport shuttle bus?

161. 几 jǐ how much; how many

它几岁了? How old is it?

162. 的 de used at the end of a nominal structure, equivalent to a noun phrase

有什么需要帮忙的,尽管说。If you need some help, just tell me.

163. 下xià below, down, under

桌子底下有一张报纸。There is a newspaper under the table.

164. 是 shì yes

是的,这个行业就是这样。Yes, this is the industry.

165. 开 kāi hold

今晚杰克开生日派对。Jack has a birthday party tonight.

166. 在 zài indicating the action in progress

爸爸,你在干什么? Dad, what are you doing?

167. 和 hé together with; with

床和沙发一样舒服。 The bed is as comfortable as the sofa.

168. 开 kāi start; operate; drive

开公司要先申请营业执照。You should apply for a business license before starting a company.

169. 小 xiǎo young

孩子从小就要接受道德教育。 Kids have to get the moral education.

170. 块 kuài measures word, used for something shaped like chunks or lumps

有块石头挡着路。There is a stone blocking the road.

171. 后面 hòu mian later, afterwards

别急,精彩的节目在后面!Be patient. The best performance is yet to come.

172. 呢 ne used at the end of a sentence to indicate a statement

她5岁了,上幼儿园呢。 She is five years old. She goes to kindergarten now.

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