How’s Education System of China 2023?

Education System of China is mainly devided to Pre-school Education, Primary and Secondary Education, Higher Education.
How's Education System of China 2023?
Education System of China

When coming to study in China, you may be curious about the China Education System.

As today, China education is the largest education system in the whole world.

Education System of China: Educational Statistics

On June 2022, there were 11.93 million students taking the National Higher Education Entrance Examination (Gaokao) in China. Investment in education accounts for 5.07% of total GDP in China.

According to educational statistics, in 2022, there were 518,500 schools of all kinds and at all levels in China, with 293 million students and 18,803,600 full-time teachers.

In 1986, the Chinese government passed a compulsory education law, making nine years of education mandatory for all Chinese children. Today, the Ministry of Education estimates that above 99 percent of school-aged children have received universal nine-year basic education.

On Feb 2020, Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China announced that a total of 397,635 international students were studying in China in 2019. International students have enrolled in over 811 higher education institutions in China.

China has a long history of providing education to international students studying in high schools and universities. Over the past few years, the number of international students studying in China has significantly increased on a yearly basis.

The higher education sector has witnessed growth as well. China has increased the proportion of its college-age population in higher education to over 20 percent now from 1.4 percent in 1978. At the same time, China is improving the quality of education through a major effort at school curriculum reform.

China has a consistent teacher development system. Teaching has historically been and remains today a highly respected profession in China. Teachers have strong preparation in their subject matter and prospective teachers spend a great deal of time observing the classrooms of experienced teachers, often in schools attached to their universities.

Once teachers are employed in schools, there is a system of induction and continuous professional development in which groups of teachers work together with professors on lesson plans and improvement.

Education System of China

1) Pre-school Education in China

How's Education System of China 2023?

Pre-school education is an important component of education cause in China. In urban areas, there are mainly kindergartens of three years, two years or one year which could be full time, part-time, boarding or hour-reckoned.

In 2022, there were 289,200 kindergartens in China. The number of children in kindergartens was 46.2755 million. There are 3,244,200 full-time teachers in kindergartens. The gross enrollment rate of preschool education is 89.55%.

2) Primary and Secondary Education in China

How's Education System of China 2023?

Since the promulgation of the Compulsory Education Law of the People’s Republic of China in 1986, the nine-year compulsory education has been implemented by governments at various levels and it has made significant progress.

Nine-year compulsory education policy in China enables students over six years old nationwide to get free education at both primary schools (grade 1 to 6) and junior secondary schools (grade 7 to 9). The policy is funded by government and tuition is free.

Schools still charge miscellaneous fees. Senior secondary school (grade 10 to 12) and college education are not compulsory or free in China.

By 2022, there were 201,600 schools providing compulsory education nationwide. A total of 34.3277 million students were enrolled, including 159 million students. There were 10,654,600 full-time teachers. The retention rate of nine-year compulsory education is 95.5%.

By 2022, there were 15,000 senior high schools in China. The enrollment was 9.48 million, and the total number of students was 27.14 million. The gross enrollment rate of senior high school is 91.6%.

3) Higher Education in China

How's Education System of China 2023?
China Universities and Admissions

Higher education in China has played an important role in the economic construction, science progress and social development by bringing up large scale of advanced talents and experts for the construction of socialist modernization.

As of year 2022, there are a total of 3013 higher education institutions in China, including 2728 ordinary higher education institutions, 1239 undergraduate colleges, and 1489 vocational (vocational) colleges; 253 adult higher education institutions.

(Data from Ministry of Education of China)

The Education System of China is becoming increasingly internationally competitive.

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