Hangzhou 杭州


Chinese Name: 杭州

English Name: Hangzhou; Hangchow; Hang Tsei; Hangchou

Other Name: Linan 临安; Qiantang 钱塘; Wulin 武林; Hangcheng杭城

Abbreviation: Hang 杭

Zip Code: 30 00 00

Population: 12.204 million

Hangzhou 杭州
Hangzhou 杭州

Brief Introduction

Hangzhou 杭州 is the economic, cultural, scientific, and educational center of Zhejiang Province, one of the central cities of the Yangtze River Delta 长江三角洲, the core city of the Greater Bay Area around Hangzhou Bay, and the central city of G60 science and technology innovation Corridor G60科创走廊.

Hangzhou is the birthplace of Chinese civilization and is one of the first batches of national historical and cultural cities, known as the “Southeast Famous County” 东南名郡 in the world. Hangzhou has a history of more than 2,200 years since it was established as a county in the Qin Dynasty. It was once the capital of the State of Wu Yue 吴越国 and the Southern Song Dynasty 南宋朝.

Hangzhou 杭州
Hangzhou 杭州

Hangzhou 杭州 has 10 municipal districts, 2 counties, and 1 county-level city under its jurisdiction. The total area of Hangzhou is 16,850 square kilometers, and the built-up area is 648.46 square kilometers. Hang Zhou had a permanent population of 12.204 million.

Since the beginning of the new century, driven by Alibaba 阿里巴巴 and other high-tech enterprises, the Internet economy has become a new economic growth point in Hangzhou. By the end of 2021, Hangzhou’s GDP has reached 1,810.9 billion yuan.

Famous Attractions in Hangzhou

Hangzhou is known as “Paradise on earth” 人间天堂 for its beautiful scenery. Hangzhou has two national scenic spots–West Lake Scenic Spot, “Two Rivers and two Lakes” 两江两湖 (Fuchun River — Xin ‘an River — Thousand Island Lake — Xiang Lake) scenic spot; two national nature reserves(Tianmu Mountain and Qingliang Peak Nature Reserve), seven national forest parks(Qiandao Lake, Daqi Mountain, Wuchao Mountain, Fuchun River, Qingshan Lake, Mid-mountain and Tonglu Yaolin Forest Park), a national tourist resort(Zhejiang National Tourist Resort), and China’s first national wetland(Xixi National Wetland Park). In addition, Hangzhou also has 25 national key cultural relics protection units, and 9 national museums, a total of more than 120.

Hangzhou 杭州
Hangzhou xi hu 杭州西湖

List of Major tourist attractions in Hangzhou

  • Yao Lin wonderland 瑶琳仙境
  • Tung junshan island 桐君山
  • Wu Sheng’s five-arched 武盛古街
  • Both coasts 雷峰塔
  • YueMiao 岳庙
  • Three Pools Mirroring the Moon 三潭映月
  • Su causeway 苏堤
  • Six harmonies pagoda 六和塔
  • Songcheng 宋城
  • The southern song dynasty YuJie 南宋御街
  • Lingyin temple 灵隐寺
  • Cross lake Bridge ruins 跨湖桥遗址

Famous Universities in Hangzhou

In 2021, Hangzhou has 40 institutions of higher learning with 551,000 students, including 85,000 postgraduates. There are 91 regular senior high schools with 125,000 students. There are 37 vocational high schools and secondary vocational schools with 64,000 students.

Hangzhou 杭州
Zhejiang university 浙江大学

List of universities and colleges in Hangzhou

  • Zhejiang university 浙江大学
  • China Academy of Art 中国美术学院
  • The Zhejiang University of Technology 浙江工业大学
  • Zhejiang Gongshang University 浙江工商大学
  • China Jiliang University 中国计量大学
  • Hangzhou Dianzi University 杭州电子科技大学
  • Zhejiang Sci-tech University 浙江理工大学
  • Zhejiang Chinese Medicine University 浙江中医药大学
  • Zhejiang University of agriculture and forestry 浙江农林大学
  • Zhejiang Police College 浙江警察学院
  • Zhejiang International Studies University 浙江外国语学院
  • Zhejiang University of Science and Technology 浙江科技学院
  • Zhejiang University of Media and Communication 浙江传媒学院
  • Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics 浙江财经大学
  • Hangzhou Normal University 杭州师范大学

Hangzhou specialties and delicacies

Hangzhou 杭州 has many unique characteristics of the local specialties and good food. West Lake lotus root powder is a famous specialty in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. It has a unique flavor and is rich in nutrients. In the past, it was used to provide “tribute powder” 贡品 for the royal family

West Lake Longjing is one of the top ten famous teas in China. It belongs to green tea. It is produced in the mountains around Longjing Village of West Lake in Hangzhou city, Zhejiang Province, hence its name, with a history of over 1200 years.

Hangzhou 杭州
West Lake Longjing Tea 西湖龙井茶

List of some specialties and delicacies

  • Hangzhou silk 杭州丝绸
  • The west lake Longjing 西湖龙井
  • The west lake lotus root starch 西湖藕粉
  • Jingshan tea 径山茶
  • The west lake silk umbrella 西湖绸伞
  • Snow cloud of green tea 雪水云绿茶
  • Xiaoshan dried turnip 萧山萝卜干
  • Linan pecan 临安山核桃
  • Dingsheng cake 定胜糕
  • Longjing Prawns 龙井虾仁

The religious culture of Hangzhou

Hangzhou 杭州 has five religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Christianity. Among them, there are about 180,000 Christians, more than half of which are in Xiaoshan District, and 30,000 in the old urban area. There are 39 churches, and Hangzhou Chong One Church is the largest Chinese church in the world.

Hangzhou 杭州
Hangzhou Chong One Church 杭州崇一堂

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